THESIS: Ethiopia’s Sovereign Right of Access to the Sea under International Law

THESIS: Ethiopia’s Sovereign Right of Access to the Sea under International Law

A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of The University of Georgia in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree

MASTER OF LAWS | ATHENS, GEORGIA | 2007

Abebe T. Kahsay (Major General)

Access to the sea is an important issue in Ethiopian politics that needs to be addressed and the issue should be dealt with beyond the incumbent government. Ethiopia regained the right of access to the sea by the Resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations 1952. After about 40 years of enjoyment of its sovereign right it is again in the verge of permanently becoming landlocked. The present government of Ethiopia has agreed and signed the Algiers Agreement that could make Ethiopia a landlocked country. If the opposition wins the next election or any election there after, it may officially denounce the Algiers Agreement and demand a new arrangement that recognize the right of access to the sea. It is believed that access to the sea is one of the burning issues that contributed to the success of the opposition and the declining support of the government during the last election.

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